How to Hit a Golf Ball | Perfecting Your Game Plan

Knowing the fundamentals of golf equipment is one step—but the actual key is to learn how to hit a golf ball.

How to Hit a Golf Ball | Perfecting Your Game Plan
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Whether you’re a beginner in the sport or a seasoned player, reviewing the basics will always be helpful.

While it may take endless practice to perfect your hits and swings, you will improve day-by-day with these tips and tricks:

How to Hit a Golf Ball: The Basics

How to hit golf ball is a seemingly basic but highly complex task. When you’re a beginner, you might feel that it’s a no-brainer process on how do you hit a golf ball.

However, how do you hit a golf ball is no easy task than most of us have expected earlier.

Because there are various techniques and shots you need to remember, it’s essential to go through them one-by-one.

The Fundamentals

Before we head on to the necessary steps of how to hit golf ball, let’s first define some essential terms.

  • Fairway: You can find this between the tee and the greens. It is the part of the golf course surrounded by short grasses.
  • Green: This area of the golf course is where you will aim your ball towards the hole.
  • Stance: This is your feet and leg’s position at address while you’re preparing how to hit a golf ball.
  • Grip: This is how you hold the golf club handle between your hands. It’s crucial to ensure that you find the balance between gripping too loosely and too tightly.
  • Address: This happens once you are set in your swinging form. Addressing means to place your clubhead behind the ball on the ground.
  • Target: This is the direction where you want your ball to go.

How to Set Up Your Swing

Now that you’re equipped with the necessary golf terms, let’s proceed to the main topic—how do you hit a golf ball?

The procedure starts with setting up your swing. Refer to the steps below on how you can set up your swing correctly.


  1. Hold the handle of your club with a secure and comfortable grip. Make sure not to put too much tension in your hands while you’re gripping.
  2. Position your playing hand below your non-dominant hand. The placement of the club handle should be in-between your fingers and palms.
  3. The ring and pinky fingers of your dominant hand should be the ones exerting the most pressure. Meanwhile, the index finger of your non-dominant hand should make contact with this pressure.


  1. Slightly bend your knees while parting your knees with a shoulder-width distance.
  2. Put your non-dominant foot forward with your front toe facing slightly towards the target. Then, position your dominant foot square to the target. Make sure that you’re distributing the weight evenly on the area of your feet’s balls.
  3. Position the golf ball between your feet. Its position should allow you to put your arms down straight comfortably.
  4. Bend your upper torso around 35 to 40 degrees from your hips. If you do this correctly, you will be able to rotate your hips as you perform your swing.
  5. Your feet, knees, hips, and shoulders should be perpendicular to the golf ball for the end position.

How to Perform a Basic Swing

Performing a good swing is the secret of how to hit golf ball with confidence. Make sure to remember the procedures on how to hit golf ball below every time you’re up for your round.


  1. Upon rotating your hips, start your backswing by shifting your weight to your dominant foot gradually. Put your arms back straightly moderately before proceeding to rotate your entire body.
  2. Rotate your shoulders, arms, and hips backward, with your arms fully extending.
  3. Once your club reaches your shoulder, bend your wrists and then proceed to raise your club high to support your swing.


  1. At the peak of your backswing, lean your shoulder downwards and tuck it down slightly into your chin. Keep your hips at their bending position.
  2. As you transition, you’ll feel your shoulder leaning towards the ball on the ground.


  1. Start the downswing by shifting your body’s weight to your non-dominant foot as you turn towards the target.
  2. Make sure that you don’t hesitate when you perform your downswing. Doing so will hinder the impact of your swing.
  3. At impact, return to your perpendicular beginning position. Upon striking, your body should go back to your position at the beginning with your weight on your non-dominant foot.
  4. Upon contact, nudge your hip up the target with your torso extending and your shoulder slightly leaning up.


  1. Upon hitting the ball, rotate your arms, hips, and torso in a continuous movement facing the target. Rotate your dominant foot to have the final position of your toes facing the target.
  2. Finish your swing standing with your arms across your chest and your torso extending.
  3. Your final position should look like this: legs extending, non-dominant foot square at target, chest facing the target, head held up.

How to Select the Right Golf Club

When learning how to hit a golf ball, it’s important to remember that you’ll be using different clubs in each round.

The construction of these clubs suits different playing conditions and playing abilities. Here how to select the right golf club for different situations:


Wood clubs are best for generating distance. From its name, wood clubs initially had wooden construction. However, with innovation, most woods now have steel and metal alloy constructions.

The two categories of woods are the drivers and fairway woods. The driver is best for performing distance shots, while fairway woods have numbers that determine its loft and distance.


Irons are heavy clubs that produce significant ball lift. Using iron clubs is best for mid-range shots when you’re nearing the greens.

There are two categories of iron clubs, namely blades and cavity backs. Cavity backs are the top choice of beginner golfers.

Furthermore, you can distinguish the performance of irons by looking at their numbers from 1 to 9. The short irons are the 7 to 9-numbered irons, while the middle irons are the 4 to 6-numbered irons.

The long irons are number 1 to 3, which most golfers dread because of the difficulty to make consistent shots using them.


Fortunately, you can replace your long irons with hybrid clubs, which are a combination of irons and woods.

It mimics the shape of wooden clubs while integrating the distance and loft of irons.


Using your wedge is excellent for generating a lift along with the hazards. These are the common types of wedges used in golf:

  • Pitching wedge: It produces 40 to 50 loft degrees and is best for fairways.
  • Sand wedge: As its name suggests, you use them in clearing sand trap hazards with its 55 to 59 loft degrees.
  • Gap wedge: This type of wedge has 51 to 54 loft degrees and generates distance in-between pitching and gap wedge.
  • Lob wedge: With its 60 to 64 loft degree, lob wedges are excellent for clearing short distance bunker and water hazards.


For short distance shots, especially near the hole, your best bet is using a putter. It has a small and flat clubface that reduces minimal loft and distance.

Adjusting for Different Shots

Along with different golf clubs, different shots will also suit different environments and various situations. Mastering how to hit a golf ball requires learning how to hit these various shots.

Check out the variety of shots you can make with each round when you’re on the course below.


Here are some tips on how to hit golf ball with a driving shot:

  • To drive the golf ball, make sure to increase your lift as you perform the backswing. While doing this, ensure that your ball is aligned with your non-dominant foot’s toes at the address.
  • Furthermore, make sure that your arms are straight and fully extending to guarantee accuracy.

Fairway Shots

Fairway shots are mid to long-distance shots that you perform at the fairway. Because you cannot tee up on the fairway, producing lift becomes more challenging.

Thus, it will help to use the suitable numbered-iron to boost your swing’s lift. To do this, make sure to position the ball in-between your feet at the address.

Straight Shots

While seemingly simple, generating consistent straight shots is more difficult than it seems. Your club must be perfectly perpendicular to your golf ball upon impact.

To master your straight shots, align your swing place with your target while keeping your arms straight.

Bunker Shots

It’s a real bummer to get trapped in the bunker. For an excellent bunker shot, put pressure on your club’s handle with the index finger of your playing hands.

Increase your stance a bit and position the golf ball ahead slightly. Doing so would provide you with a better grip and control of your club.

While digging into the stand, make sure to maintain your feet and body unmovingly.

Approach Shots

When playing from outside into the green, the best technique on how to hit a golf ball is to use the approach shot. This type of shot will provide you a distance in-between a mid-range shot and a putt.

Below are the most common approach shot types:

  • Pitch: This high approach shot results in a high-flying ball with a minimum roll.
  • Flop: It generates great height with high stopping power, best for playing on the green’s obstacles.
  • Chip: Using a short iron or a wedge, you can generate chips or low shots that roll smoothly on the green.


There are four categories of how to hit a golf ball with curving shots, namely draw, fade, slice, and hook. These shots help you move the ball towards the green when you go beyond the course.

Here are the standard curving shots for a right-handed golfer:

  • Draw: A slight curve from right to left
  • Fade: A slight curve from left to right
  • Slice: A huge curve from left to right
  • Hook: A huge curve from right to left


Finally, upon getting the ball into the green, it’s time to make use of your putter. As mentioned, the putter clubface is best for how to hit a golf ball softly towards the hole.

This is also when you will make the most intricate adjustments for your shot.

Perfect Every Hit with Every Swing

The key to a successful game of golf is to learn how to hit a golf ball and generate consistent high-performing ball hits.

And mastering this will require you endless hours and countless swings in the course.

Among other things, you will need to hone your form and stance to guarantee a good swing.

Once you perfect this, you’ll find your body moving with excellent coordination from your shoulders, arms, torso, and hips.

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